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Hinduism and India: terminology

India is an ancient country. It is sacred to all religions that started there. Whether because of this or for some other reason: there are a lot of names by which India is known. Each has its own connotation.

The official Sanskrit name of the Republic of India.
Hindustan and Hind
These words are usually reserved for the northern part of India, but have also used for the whole subcontinent (including current day Pakistan and Bangladesh).
Japanese name for India. It signifies it’s place as the origin of Buddhism.
Old name used in ancient scriptures for one of the seven continents.

Hinduism too has other names. The best known is Sanatana Dharma, which means ‘eternal law’ or ‘eternal wisdom’.

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